VERBS OF MOTION / ГЛАГОЛЫ ДВИЖЕНИЯ

Verbs of motion is a special category of verbs which expresses the idea of movement. For example, идти (to go), ехать (to go transport). The feature of verbs of motion is that they have two forms to express the idea of direction. The main idea is that “идти” and “ехать” are used for one way direction. Verbs “ходить” and “ездить” are used for many directions (regular action or movement there and back). What is also important to mention that all these verbs are in imperfective aspect.

verbs of motion

  1. идти – to go on foot (focusing on the process, or one way direction)
  2. ходить – to go on foot (regular action: usually, always, often etc, or movement to different directions)
  3. ехать to go by transport (focusing on the process, or one way direction)
  4. ездитьto go by transport (regular action: usually, always, often etc, or movement to different directions)

Example

  1. Я сейчас иду в кино – I am walking to the cinema (one way direction)
  2. Я сейчас еду на метро – I am going by metro (one way direction)
  3. Я каждый день хожу на работу – I go to work every day (regular action)
  4. Я часто хожу в театр – I often go to the theatre (regular action)
  5. Я редко езжу в отпуск – I hardly ever go to vacation (regular action)

Adverbs of frequency are the indicators that there is a regular movement (two ways direction):

  • Всегда – always
  • Обычно – usually
  • Часто – often
  • Иногда – sometimes
  • Редко – hardly ever
  • Никогда – never

 

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