Subject – Object Distinction. Субъект – Объект. Различия.

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The Subject – Object distinction (S – O distinction) is a basis of the Russian Grammar. Let’s see how it works in the English language to understand the idea of it.

  •  Я люблю его. – I love him.

«I» is a subject in this sentence because I make an action. Subject is a person (or a thing) that makes an action. The verb always matches with the subject of a sentence.

«Him» is a direct object in this sentence because he is accepting the other person’s action. He is not doing anything.

There are few more examples with subjects and objects:

  • Я знаю вас– I know you.
  • Я хочу кофе– I want some coffee.
  • Я понимаю их– I understand them.
  • Они видят нас– They see us.
  • Я слушаю тебя. – I am listening to you (informal).
  • Он понимает меня. – He understands me.

There are 5 types of objects (we call them cases). In this article there is the most important case. We call it Accusative case. It is used for direct objects.

Subject (Субъект)

  • я – I
  • ты – you (singular informal)
  • он – he
  • она – she
  • оно – it
  • мы – we 
  • вы – you (plural or formal)
  • они – they

Object (Объект)

  • меня – me
  • тебя – you (singular informal)  
  • его – him («г» sounds like [v] here)
  • её – her
  • его – it  («г» sounds like [v] here)
  • нас – us
  • вас  you (plural or formal)
  • их – them

 

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