REFLEXIVE VERBS are verbs which have the same conjugation like regular verbs but the difference is only that they have the special suffix -ся (sometimes -сь) at the end.
- мне нравится – I like
- я родился – I was born
Reflexive verbs are used:
1. When the subject and the object is the same person.
Look at the example with the verb “мыть“ (to wash)
2. Reflexives are also used for meaning “each other”, when people do something together with each other.
3. For inanimate things making an action (passive voice.) Compare these two pictures.
4. Special verbs which never used without the suffix -ся. They should be memorized.
- нравиться – to like
- заниматься – to do, to be busy with smth.
- надеяться – to hope
- остаться – to stay
- родиться – to be born
-СЯ or -СЬ?
If there is a vowel before the suffix, the suffix is -сь. After the consonant the suffix is -ся.
учиться – to study present tense
I think it is much easier to memorize that you have to use the suffix -сь for “я” and “вы” forms in the present tense and all persons except masculine for the past. In all other cases you use the suffix -ся.