REFLEXIVE VERBS – are verbs which have the same conjugation that regular verbs do but the difference is only that they have the special suffix -ся (sometimes -сь) at the end.
- мне нравится – I like
- я родился – I was born
So first, let me tell you when we should use the reflexive verbs:
1. When the subject and the object is the same person. That means if someone makes an action with themself.
Look at the example with the verb “мыть“ – to wash
2. The second case when we should use reflexives is for the meaning “each other”. That means when people do something together with each other. Look at the example:
3. For inanimate things making an action (like “a lesson begins, the store opens ect.) Compare these two pictures.
4. And the last case when we use reflexive verbs is a special category of verbs which always are with the suffix -ся (-сь). They should be memorized.
- нравиться – to like
- заниматься – to do, to be busy with smth.
- надеяться – to hope
- остаться – to stay
- родиться – to be born
-СЯ or -СЬ?
The rule is simple. Whenever you have a verb ending in a vowel you should use the suffix -сь. In all other cases it is going to be -ся.
look at the example, we’re going to take a look at the conjugation of the verb “учиться” – to study the present tense
the present tense
I think it is much easier to memorize that you have to use -сь for “I” and “you plural” forms in the present tense and all persons except masculine for the past. In all other cases you use the -ся. Using this way you don’t have to think about having a vowel or a consonant before the suffix сь/ся.