Adjectives are special words for describing nouns.

Хороший человек –  nice person
Отличная погода good weather

The same adjective may have 3 variants of  endings:


All these 4 words mean “beautiful“. So you may ask, what’s the difference between them.  The difference is only that Russian adjectives always match with nouns they’re describing. If you’re describing a masculine gender noun you need to use a masculine ending for adjectives (-ый / -ой / -ий). For describing feminine nouns you need to use feminine  endings for adjectives (-ая /-яя).

Красивый мужчина – a handsome man
Красивая девушка – a beautiful girl

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Plural Nouns

The rule about making plural nouns is pretty simple. Look at these two pictures and say, which letter makes plural nouns.

examples of plural nous in russian
Of course you’re right. We have to add the letter to make a plural noun.

Another very important rule you need to know is that we never have the letter ы after these letters:

к     г    ш   щ   ж    ч    х

So what should we do in case if a word ending in one of these letters? For example:
банк – a bank
парк – a park
гараж – a garage
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Gender of Nouns

We categorize nouns
in 3 genders:

  • masculine (he)
  • feminine (she)
  • neuter (it)

genders in russian

In the English language all
inanimate nouns are neuter gender (it). In Russian they can be masculine, feminine or neuter. It depends on
the ending of a word. If we have a noun ending in a consonant (or ь), that means it is a masculine gender noun. Feminine nouns end in -а, -я (sometimes too). Neuter nouns have endings or  -е.

домa house (he)
машина – a car (she)
метро – metro (it)

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