Russians use the genitive case to show the possession. Let me explain you what I mean. For example, when we need to show the possession in English we add -‘s.
- That’s Mark‘s house.
- This is Diana‘s car.
So we add -s for a person who is the owner. Something quite similar happens in Russian. We should change the ending of the word (meaning the owner) to the genitive case.
Now I would like you to look at the pictures below and guess, what endings should be for masculine (meaning males) and feminine (meaning females) nouns.
I hope that you could figured that we should add the ending -a for masculine nouns, and we replace the last letter with -ы for feminine nouns. Sometimes you will see the soft versions for these letters -я for masculine and -и for feminine. We use soft versions if a masculine noun ends in -й or –ь, and a feminine noun ends in -я.
- Это Игорь. Это дом Игоря. – This is Igor. This is Igor’s house.
- Это Мария. Это компьютер Марии. – This is Maria. This is Maria’s computer.
I hope it was clear. If you want to test yourself on how you understand this rule, I recommend you to do the exercise. Try to build sentences from the words below:
- Это / дом / Марк. – Это дом Марка.
- Это / машина / Лиза
- Это / телефон / Александр
- Это / компьютер / Виктория
- Это / книга / Анастасия
- Это / визитка / Владимир
I really hope that this lesson was useful for you! Have a good day!