There are two types of nouns – animated (people) and inanimate (things). The gender of animated nouns is always obvious, a word for a «man» (dad, man, grandpa) is a masculine noun (he), and a word for a «woman» (girl, mom, aunt) is a feminine noun (she). In the English language, all inanimate nouns are neuter gender (it). In Russian, they can be masculine, feminine or neuter.
- masculine (he)
- feminine (she)
- neuter (it)
It is easy to identify the gender of a noun. Everything you have to do is to look at the ending of the word.
If a noun ends in a consonant (or -ь), that means it is a masculine gender noun. Feminine nouns end in -а, -я (sometimes in the -ь too). Neuter gender nouns have endings -о or -е.
- дом – a house (he)
- машина – a car (she)
- метро – metro (it)
There are very few exceptions you have to learn. Nouns «имя» (name) and «время» (time) are neuter gender nouns even though they end with the feminine ending -я.