Short and full adjectives – 2 / Краткие и полные прилагательные – 2

Short adjectives are used to express temporary characteristic or subjective opinion (Он был вежлив – He was polite). Full adjectives are used for constant absolute characteristic (Он счастливый человек – He is a happy person).  More about it here. Short adjectives don’t have a noun after (Это дорогая машина. Эта машина слишком дорога).

There are few more situations when short adjectives are used.

  1. With the verb “быть” in the imperative mood.
  • Будь здоров! – Bless you (Be healthy)
  • Будьте добры, один билетик на метро. – Can I have one metro ticket, please? (Be kind, one metro ticket)

2. With proverbs, aphorisms and sayings.

  • Что к лицу, то красиво. – What fits to your face  is beautiful.
  • Жизнь коротка – искусство вечно. – Life is short, the art is eternal.

3. Opposition

  • Несмотря на все проблемы, он был жизнерадостен. – Despite all the problems, he was happy

4. If there is a word “так”.

  • Он так красив– He is so handsome
  • Он такой красивый! – He is so handsome

5. If one of these words is a subject in the sentence: что, всё это, то.

  • Всё прекрасно! – Everything is fine

We use full adjectives with relative clause, if it is between the subject and the predicate (between commas).

  • Коллеги готовы работать. – Colleagues are ready to work.
  • Коллеги, готовые работать, ждут своего директора. – Colleagues, who are ready to work, are waiting for their boss.

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