Hello, my dear friends!
Today I would like to tell you about the Dative Case.
First I want you to look at the example and tell, which of these three nouns is a subject (the person who makes an action), an object (a person or a thing which others make actions with) and an addressee (the person who receives).
Of course, you think right:
- Michael is the subject;
- Tamara is the addressee;
- Flowers are the object.
So the rule says – if we have an addressee (the person we give something to, we say something to, we promise, recommend, tell or advise), they should be in the dative case. Which means we have to change the ending of the word.
As you can see from the table below masculine and neuter gender nouns change their endings to -у or soft version -ю. Feminine nouns change their endings to -е or -и.
This is why in the example we have changed “Tamara” to “Tamare“.
- Я сказал другу – I said it to my friend (“друг” is my addressee);
- Я дал слово маме – I gave a word to my mother (“мама” is the addressee);
- Я позвонил друзьям – I called my friends (“друзья” in the dative case);
- Я рассказал всё Марии – I told everything Maria (“Мария” is in the dative case);
- Я подарил подарок директору – I gave a gift to the director (“директор” is the addressee).
I also recommend you to learn some verbs that always need an addressee. Which means you always have to use the dative case with them:
- говорить – to say, to speak
- рассказывать – to tell
- дать – to give
- дарить – to give a gift, to make a present
- рекомендовать – to recommend
- советовать – to advise
- звонить – to call
- обещать – to promise
- помогать – to help
- объяснять – to explain
- отвечать – to answer
- желать – to wish
- показывать – to show
If you feel you are ready to learn all the other situations when you have to use the dative case (besides “the addressee” situation) visit here.