Личные вещи | Personal things

сумка. личные вещи. принадлежности

Listen and repeat new words.

 

  1. визитка — a business card
  2. кредитная карта — a credit card
  3. ключи — keys
  4. плеер — player
  5. часы — watch
  6. лак для ногтей — nail polish
  7. крем — cream
  8. помада — lipstick
  9. паспорт — passport
  10. очки — glasses
  11. кошелёк — a wallet
  12. телефон — a telephone
  13. ручка — a pen
  14. блокнот — a notebook
  15. сумка — a bag, a purse

 

Now you can practice new construction «У меня есть» (I have) with these words. For example,

  • У меня есть сумка.
  • У тебя есть паспорт.
  • У тебя есть паспорт?

Еда / Food

Listen and repeat the pronunciation of these words.

food. pictures

 

I recommend you for practicing to compose some simple sentences. Just say something about each product, what you love and what you don’t. For example,

  • Я люблю кофе. – I love coffee.
  • Я не люблю пиво. – I don’t like beer.

And don’t forget that things we love or don’t love should be in the accusative case, because they are our direct objects. For example,

  • Я люблю рыбу. – I love fish.

Национальности / Nationalities

Today we will learn how to talk about countries and nationalities. Look at the table below. You can see flags and names of the countries on the left. On the right  you can see how to form names of nationalities for men, women and people meaning in plural.  As you can see for a man we need to add the ending -(н)ец to the name of his country, for naming a woman we need to add the ending -(н)ка to the name of her country. And for people in plural we need to add the ending -(н)цы to the name of their country.

But some names of nationalities are formed differently. So you need just to learn them.

мозелова ирина

So now, I hope, you are able to tell more about yourself in Russian. Try to make sentences like that:

Привет! Меня зовут Ирина. Я русская.

 

Уборка / Tidy up

Let’s learn new verbs about tidying up. Pay attention to the difference between «стирать» and «мыть«.

  • Мыть — to wash (a car, hands, apple,  hair ect.) 
  • Стирать — to wash clothes (only for textile)
  • Чистить — to brush (teeth, shoes )
  • Убирать — to tidy up, to clean (a room, a table ect.)

words for tidying

I would like you to pay special attention to the conjugation of the verbs «мыть» and «чистить«.

As you can see the verb «мыть» has the letter «ы» only in infinitive. When we conjugate the verb, «o» replaces the»ы«.

Also pay attention to the verb «чистить» — «ст» is replaced by «щ» for Я (first person in singular).

conjugation of verbs

conjugation of verbs

Learn few examples to be able to say a phrase about tidying up when you need it:

1. Я мою пол — I wash the floor.

2. Мы убираем дом — We clean the house.

3. Стиральная машина стирает одежду. — Washing machine washes the clothes.

4. Я чищу зубы каждый день — I clean my teeth every day.