Еда / Food

Еда / Food

Hello, my friends! Today we will learn some words for food.

Listen and repeat the pronunciation of these words.

food. pictures

 

And now I recommend you for practising to compose some sentences. Just say something about each product, what you love and what don’t. For example,

  • Я люблю кофе. – I love coffee.
  • Я не люблю пиво. – I don’t like beer.

And don’t forget that things we love or don’t love should be in the accusative case, because they are our direct objects. For example,

  • Я люблю рыбу. – I love fish.

Everything you need to know about CASES

Russian cases seem to be the hardest part of the Russian grammar for non-Slavic speakers. Today I will try to explain what the cases are and share with you my tables of all cases with endings and usage.

So the CASE is a grammar category which expresses the position and the role of a word in a sentence. Let me explain you what I mean.  Let’s use as an example a simple sentence like,

Дочка любит маму. – Daughter loves her mother.

So we can say that “the daughter” is a subject (she makes an action), and “the mother” is an object because she is the object of her daughter’s love. And when we speak English we cannot change the order of words. Because if I say:

Маму любит дочка                       Mother loves her daughter.

We can see that the subject and the object have changed (Now the daughter is an object). But they haven’t changed in Russian. Because the word “мама” is in the accusative case (it has the ending ). And we use the accusative case for objects (things or people we love, hate, look at etc.).

So thanks to the cases we can change the order of words in a sentence and the meaning will be the same.

Now you are going to learn all 6 cases and when we have to use them.

Russian cases. Table. Irina Mozelova

 

 

Dative Case for Beginners

Hello, my dear friends!

Today I would like to tell you about the Dative Case.

First I want you to look at the example and tell, which of these three nouns is a subject (the person who makes an action), an object (a person or a thing which others make actions with) and an addressee (the person who receives).

Usage of the dative case for beginners

 

Of course, you think right:

  • Michael is the subject;
  • Tamara is the addressee;
  • Flowers are the object.

So the rule says – if we have an addressee (the person we give something to, we say something to, we promise, recommend, tell or advise), they should be in the dative case. Which means we have to change the ending of the word.

As you can see from the table below masculine and neuter gender nouns change their endings to or soft version . Feminine nouns change their endings toor.

This is why in the example we have changed “Tamara” to “Tamare“.

when should I use the dative case in Russian

 

  • Я сказал другу I said it to my friend (“друг” is my addressee);
  • Я дал  слово маме – I gave a word to my mother (“мама”  is the addressee);
  • Я позвонил друзьям – I called my friends (“друзья” in the dative case);
  • Я рассказал всё Марии – I told everything Maria (“Мария” is in the dative case);
  • Я подарил подарок директору – I gave a gift to the director (“директор”  is the addressee).

I also recommend you to learn some verbs that always need an addressee. Which means you always have to use the dative case with them:

  • говорить – to say, to speak 
  • рассказывать – to tell
  • дать – to give
  • дарить – to give a gift, to make a present
  • рекомендовать – to recommend
  • советовать – to advise
  • звонить – to call
  • обещать – to promise
  • помогать – to help
  • объяснять – to explain
  • отвечать – to answer
  • желать – to wish
  • показывать – to show

If you feel you are ready to learn all the other situations when you have to use the dative case (besides “the addressee” situation) visit here.