There are about 50 000 English nouns that end with the suffix -ation. Origins are latin nouns. For example, information, recommendation, transformation etc.In Russian we also have such words, but instead of the suffix -ation we use -ация. For example, информация, рекомендация, трансформация. So we take the latin based stem and add the -ация. And it becomes a Russian word. So here there is a list of nouns you can easily guess. Continue reading →
A lot of English verbs came into the Russian language that’s why it is so easy to memorize them. Everything you have to do is just adding the suffix –ова(sometimes–ирова) and the infinitive ending –ть to the English verb.
Cardinal numbers are used to count things (one man, two cars, 3 dogs etc). Ordinal numbers are used, like adjectives, to describe nouns. Ordinal numbers describe a place of an object in certain order (this is my first lesson, this is my second car). Ordinals have the same endings with adjectives:
masculine -ый (-ой) – if the last syllable is stressed the masculine ending is –ой.
The ending of ordinal numbers depends on a gender of the noun it describes (just like an adjective).
Это мой первый день на работе. – This is my first day at work.
Это моя первая машина. – This is my first car.
Это было наше первое свидание. – This was our first date.
Это были наши первые дни в университете. – Those were our first days at the University.
Numbers 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th are exceptions.
1 – один
2 – два
3 – три
4 – четыре
5 – пять
6 – шесть
7 – семь
8 – восемь
9 – девять
10 – десять
11 – одиннадцать
12 – двенадцать
13 – тринадцать
20 – двадцать
25 – двадцать пять
50 – пятьдесят
60 – шестьдесят
100 – сто
Numbers from 50 up to 80 are formed by adding the ending -десят to numbers 5, 6, 7, 8. Numerals 20, 30, 40 and 90 it is better memorize like exceptions. Numerals like 25, 49, 94 are formed the same way as in the English language,
25 – двадцать пять
33 – тридцать три
99 – девяносто девять
44 – сорок четыре