In many other languages verb changes for persons. And even in English we change the ending for he/she/it (I work, he works). The same thing happens with Russian verb too.
But we have different endings for each person. This changing of verb is called conjugation. Look at the example of conjugation of verbs.
думать = to think
- я думаю – I think
- ты думаешь – you think
- он/она думает – he/she thinks
- мы думаем – we think
- вы думаете – you think
- они думают – they think
Pay attention that we replace the infinitive ending -ть.
REFLEXIVE VERBS – are verbs which have the same conjugation that regular verbs do but the difference is only that they have the special suffix -ся (sometimes -сь) at the end.
- мне нравится – I like
- я родился – I was born
So first, let me tell you when we should use the reflexive verbs:
1. When the subject and the object is the same person. That means if someone makes an action with themself.
Look at the example with the verb “мыть“ – to wash
Он моет пол – he washes the floor.
Он моется – he washes himself.
2. The second case when we should use reflexives is for the meaning “each other”. That means when people do something together with each other. Look at the example:
Он встречает новый день на пляже. – He meets a new day at the beach.
Они встречаются. – They meet.
3. For inanimate things making an action (like “a lesson begins, the store opens ect.) Compare these two pictures.
Она закрывает окно. – She is closing the window.
Магазин закрывается в 9:00. – The store closes at 9:00.
4. And the last case when we use reflexive verbs is a special category of verbs which always are with the suffix -ся (-сь). They should be memorized.
Some Russian Verbs are conjugated in a different way. For example an infinitive form ends in -ать which means that it should be the 1st type of conjugation, but it is changed as the 2-d type. Or some verbs-exceptions have absolutely different endings. You should learn the conjugation of these verbs. Continue reading