Conjugation of Verbs

PRESENT TENSE

In many other languages verb changes for persons. And even in English we change the ending  for he/she/it (I work, he works). The same thing happens with Russian verb too.

But we have different endings for each person. This changing of verb is called conjugation. Look at the example of conjugation of verbs.

думать = to think

  • я думаю – I think
  • ты думаешь – you think
  • он/она думает – he/she thinks
  • мы думаем – we think
  • вы думаете – you think
  • они думают – they think

Pay attention that we replace the infinitive ending -ть.
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Reflexive Verbs

Reflexive Verbs

REFLEXIVE VERBS – are verbs which have the same conjugation that regular verbs do but the difference is only  that they have the special suffix -ся (sometimes -сь) at the end.

  • мне нравится – I like
  • я родился – I was born

So first, let me tell you when we should use the reflexive verbs:

1. When the subject and the object is the same person. That means if someone makes an action with themself.

Look at the example with the verb “мыть – to wash

russian reflexive verbs

Он моет пол – he washes the floor.       

Он моется – he washes himself.

2. The second case when we should use reflexives is  for the meaning “each other”. That means when people do something together with each other. Look at the example:

he meets a new day

Он встречает новый день на пляже. – He meets a new day at the beach.  

Они встречаются. – They meet.

3. For inanimate things  making an action (like “a lesson begins, the store opens ect.) Compare these two pictures.

the store is closed

Она закрывает окно. – She is closing the window.

Магазин закрывается в 9:00.  The store closes at 9:00.

4. And the last case when we use reflexive verbs is a special category of verbs which always are with the suffix -ся (-сь). They should be memorized.

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